A stone house in many ways will give a head start to wooden and frame buildings. More durable, less flammable, it will last for more than one generation. Plus, building blocks significantly reduce the time for the construction of a building. There are many types of blocks, let’s try to figure out how to choose the best option for the existing budget concrete paver molds.
Houses made of foam blocks and gas blocks
Foam concrete and aerated concrete are one of the most popular materials, since they have a high ecological purity at a low price.
The advantages of the material include high noise and thermal insulation qualities, fire safety, resistance to high temperatures. For finishing, you can use any material. The presence of open channels in the structure of gas blocks makes the material water-permeable, so the walls need a vapor barrier. The disadvantage of foam blocks is insufficient strength, cracks may appear during shrinkage, so the house should be well reinforced during construction.
Construction of ceramic blocks and bricks
which material is better for building a house, the most popular building material has so far been brick. Its main qualities are durability and strength, but it is much inferior to modern materials in terms of energy saving. To achieve the required standards, brick walls should be made of 120 cm, and this is too expensive. Therefore, at present this material is more used as a facing material.
Ceramic porous blocks have become an excellent alternative to brick. Due to their porous structure, ceramic blocks have low thermal conductivity, so walls can be built not as thick as brick ones. At the same time, the material is not inferior to brick in strength, has high frost resistance and vapor permeability. A ceramic block is a large-sized material, one block replaces up to 7 bricks, depending on the size, so it is quick and easy to build houses from it. The main disadvantage of the material is its high cost.
Monolithic and stone construction
The technology of monolithic construction makes it possible to build houses of any shape and number of floors. The use of fixed-type formwork in the construction makes it possible to build walls much faster than with the help of other technologies. Monolithic walls have high thermal insulation qualities, their thickness is 2.5 times less than that of brick ones. This technology makes it possible to reduce the load on the foundation.
Stone houses have a good microclimate, the walls quickly absorb moisture, but also easily give it away. If you apply the right technology during construction, then such houses will be warm in winter and cool in summer. Stone houses are a great option for a family “estate”. In terms of durability, they are superior to brick ones. But houses made of stone come out expensive in value.
The main advantage of wooden houses has always been their natural beauty and environmental friendliness. They warm up quickly, they breathe well, but they are short-lived. Modern building materials made of wood are treated with special means to protect the tree from moisture and parasites, to increase fire safety, but at the same time the material loses its environmental friendliness. In addition, a house made of profiled timber requires shrinkage for at least a year, glued timber does not need shrinkage, but it costs much more.
These houses are light buildings. They are built quickly, they are cheap. The main disadvantage is low noise insulation and vapor permeability, so they need additional ventilation. In addition, the main enemies of these houses are rodents, since the basis of the houses is a wooden frame and insulation. Frame houses are short-lived, so they are suitable for temporary buildings.
Types of materials for the roof
Materials for the construction of cottages include roofing material, the choice of which depends on the following factors:
- roof loads;
- roof shapes;
- fire resistance;
- the cost.
Currently, the construction market offers the following types of roofing material:
- tiles (made of ceramics, metal, bitumen, cement-sand);
asbestos sheets (slate);
- metal (profiled flooring, seam roof made of steel, copper, aluminum);
- bituminous slate;
- natural materials.
The most durable, but also the most expensive is natural tile.
The costs of building a house of the same area may differ by two or more times.
You can reduce the construction budget if you invest your own labor, knowledge, energy, and talents in this business. An inexpensive house should not be: Very small. Its size should meet the needs of your family. Uncomfortable. It should correspond to the lifestyle of your family. Low quality. You can use cheaper, but good-quality traditional solutions. As a rule, such solutions are easier to implement.
You can seriously save money by choosing a house project that should have economical solutions for the layout and structural elements of the house. Architects who offer ready-made projects are not interested in the cost of the house. Their task is to charm the developer with a beautiful facade and sell the project. A beautiful picture acts like a drug — the developer at all costs decides to build a large, complex and therefore very expensive house.
The project of an inexpensive house is:
- a rectangular house with a gable roof;
- a one – story house without an expensive floor-to-ceiling ceiling, stairs and numerous windows;
- a house without a basement, because if there is one, the costs will increase by at least 30%;
- buried foundation with a low basement and floors on the ground;
- without unusual elements-bay windows, arched windows, tympans, columns, balconies, pilasters, stairs, two-level rooms, winter gardens;
- a roof with two, at least five ramps (sometimes there are fifteen of these ramps!). Corners, end walls, skylights, dormer windows and many tin elements — such a roof can cost 40% of construction costs; * exterior walls, the simplest in construction; * standard-sized windows
- simple interior and exterior wall decoration;
- traditional facade made of cement-lime plaster.
The simple shape of the house is the embodiment of the ultramodern architectural style of Barn house.
Service life, durability of the house. Is it necessary to build a house for the ages?
When choosing the design of walls and other elements of the house, you should also take into account the durability, or as the builders say-the capital of the building. There is a difference between the total service life of the building and the service life before major repairs. The longer the planned service life of the house, the higher the cost of its construction.The thickness of walls, coverings and the transverse dimensions of other elements of the building increases. Materials of a higher grade for frost resistance are used.
The use of materials subject to biological destruction (containing wood) or chemical destruction (polymer materials) is minimized.
In general, if there are no flaws in the design, a house with stone walls will last longer than with wooden walls made of logs or beams. And a house with frame walls will be less durable than all the others. The greater the thickness of the load-bearing walls of the house, the higher the capital of the structure.
During major repairs, the most damaged, less durable parts of the building that are available for repair are restored, changed, for example, facade cladding, insulation, roof, windows, engineering systems.
The house ages over time, not only physically, but also mentally.
The layout, set and size of the premises in the house no longer correspond to the lifestyle of the family. People’s ideas about the architecture and the level of improvement of a private house are changing.
Look around at private houses built 50, 70 or 100 years ago. Would you like to live now in such a house, in the house of your parents, on that street, in that village? Your children, when they grow up, will also most likely answer this question to you-NO! It is pointless to build a house for centuries, a family nest for many generations. Build a house for yourself with a service life of 50-60 years. Give children the opportunity to build their own, different house, the way they want, and where they want to live.