Nutrigenomics is the study of the relationship between nutrition and your genes (or what you eat and what you make). It is one of the most exciting and exciting fields in the world of health and fitness.
It’s something that will tell future generations, “You mean, like, saltines and their ilk, eh?”
Nutrigenomics (sometimes also known as Nutrigenetics) is still in its infancy, but it is already making tremendous progress and the possibilities for the future are absolutely astounding.
You may have noticed that there are many conflicting studies on nutrition and human eating habits.
Take any health issues like blood pressure or body fat and you can almost always find a study that says “DNA diet ” increases the risk, in another study, using an almost identical setup, the exact opposite results can be found.
For example, Dr. Nut El-Sohemi, a leading nutritionist, has found that caffeinated coffee based on a single gene called CYPIA2 can reduce or increase a person’s risk of a heart attack.
It is very important to be aware of the risk of heart attack and knowing just which version of that particular gene can save your life.
This is just a small example and just the tip of the iceberg. In the coming years, analyzing your DNA will probably be part of a regular checkup.
With this kind of information, doctors and scientists can help you make the best use of your diet and supplements for your body and metabolism, under each specific gene.
In the meantime, we still have to follow the common-sense rule of eating more fruits and vegetables, but I totally hope Nutrigenomics will restructure my pantry in the next few years.
Evolution of DNA and diet
DNA. A dynamic and powerful molecule we carry in almost every single cell in our body. Which are trillion copies. Our genes determine how our bodies work and respond to environmental signals. DNA develops slowly, certainly much slower than our habits. It may take many generations for the population to establish itself and for new features.
DNA changes, changes and it is all part of its nature; This is expected and this is normal. But people change more quickly. In the last 100 years, we have drastically changed our environment, our habits, and our eating habits. Our bodies have not had a chance to adapt to all these changes.
Basically, the way our food process is the same as it was thousands of years ago. For our genes and body functions, nothing really has changed. The problem is that the processed foods we eat are completely unknown to our DNA. All these “new” refined carbohydrates and sugars cause a lot of confusion in our cells.
Our ancient genes try to process our modern food. It is very difficult. Try to communicate with someone who speaks a completely different language than you. Our genes are regularly exposed to “genetically unfamiliar” foods and they respond abnormally, such as causing inflammation or triggering obesity genes.
The solution is to provide our body with food that it recognizes and can process easily
We need to bring more into our diet in line with our hereditary needs. Obviously, we’re not going back to the Neanderthal era but think for a second about what this diet might include. Basically, we are talking about raw salads and chemically treated fruits.
This will translate into organic production in our day. Also, the meat that our ancestors ate must have been in the free range. Factory meat and fish are definitely just an event of the last 50 years. Studies have shown that factory meat contains 500% more saturated fat than the equivalent free range.
Also farm-raised salmon has a striking ratio of 30: 1 omega 6 and 3 fats. The amount of omega is much higher than the amount of omega we take. Keep in mind that such large amounts of omega are considered highly toxic and inflammatory in the body.
On the other hand, the normal ratio of the above information of wild salmon is 3: 1 which is suitable for naturally raised fish and which is also suitable for the human body. Basically, the unnatural diet of animals forces them to store unusual types and amounts of nutrients in their body. In the same way, these animals are sick and we inherit their sickness by eating them.
The bottom line is that a natural diet can help our genes respond in a very controlled way. Organic fruits and vegetables and free-range or wild meats and fish are full of nutritious healthy combos and also rich in minerals and vitamins. It is very important to include these dietary guidelines in our lives as much as possible. You will naturally lose weight, change the mood, forget about headaches and create bulletproof health in the long run. Your genes depend on good nutrition.
DNA damage and diet
DNA is a strong and highly dynamic molecule. Almost every cell in our body has two ends. Each time a cell divides, so does the DNA of the nucleus, so that each daughter cell has its own copy of the DNA. This call replication. It is very common to make mistakes when copying. Also, DNA can be damaged locally by various chemical agents such as toxins, cellular toxins, and free radicals. All of these conditions cause small or large changes in the sequence of DNA that lead to mutations.
When many mutations accumulate in a cell, it is inevitable that this cell will undergo a series of changes, for example, it will transform into a cancer cell. This is actually a very common way which is cancer. Of course, not all mutations will result in disease, but it can be more so when mutations occur at a rapid rate and do not stabilize.
Mutations are a natural phenomenon and this is why cells are fully capable of handling such molecular problems. They have a powerful repair process consisting of special enzymes that can detect, detect and fix damage very quickly. Our bodies truly have a great way to heal themselves.
We are safe as long as these processes are functional and active. Problems start when there are two conditions: first, our environment and food overload with toxins and agents that can easily cause mutations, and second, we do not provide nutrients to our bodies so that the enzymes responsible for DNA repair are adequately produced and overall protection.
Therefore, we have two problems to solve
First, it is important to eat organic and “clean” foods. While this may seem very basic, it can make an impressive difference to our body’s chemical load.
Second, eat nutritious foods that will ensure the full effectiveness of your enzymes. The key players in this molecular repair game are B vitamins, especially B6, B12, B3, and B9 (or folate). This set of vitamins is extremely important for the enzymes responsible for mutation repair.
Another important nutrient addition would be antioxidants, substances that can neutralize free radicals, very dangerous small molecules that cause immediate damage to DNA. The more antioxidants we include in your DNA diet, the better your chances are that you will avoid DNA mutations first. Your best antioxidant shots are glutathione (made with protein, so eat plenty), vitamins A, E, C, carotenoids, and flavonoids.
You can find most of it in fresh, raw fruits and vegetables, fish and organic meats, eggs, and dairy. It is very important to follow a diet rich in nutrients because they create a bulletproof defense system against most threats at the cellular and molecular levels.