What Are Psychedelic Mushrooms: Uses, Effects, Risks, Legality and Benefits


Psychedelic mushrooms, also known as magic mushrooms or shrooms, are a type of fungus that contains psychoactive compounds, such as psilocybin and psilocin. 

These substances can induce hallucinations and alter a person’s perception, cognition, and emotions. Psychedelic mushrooms have been used for centuries in religious and spiritual practices, as well as for recreational purposes. 

In recent years, there has been growing interest in the potential therapeutic uses of these mushrooms for mental health conditions.

History of Psychedelic Mushrooms

The use of psychedelic mushrooms dates back thousands of years. Throughout history, various cultures and indigenous communities have incorporated these mushrooms into their rituals and ceremonies. 

For example, the ancient Aztecs in Mexico considered psychedelic mushrooms to be sacred and used them in religious ceremonies to communicate with the divine.

Similarly, indigenous tribes in South America, such as the Mazatec people, have a long history of using psychedelic mushrooms for spiritual purposes.

Types of Psychedelic Mushrooms

Numerous species of mushrooms contain psilocybin and psilocin, the main psychoactive compounds. Some of the most common types of psychedelic mushrooms include:

  • Psilocybe cubensis: Also known as “golden tops” or “cubes,” Psilocybe cubensis is one of the most widely cultivated and consumed species of psychedelic mushrooms. It has a distinctive appearance with a bell-shaped cap and a long, slender stem.
  • Psilocybe semilanceata: Commonly referred to as “liberty caps,” Psilocybe semilanceata is a small mushroom with a pointed cap. It is often found in grassy areas and is known for its potent psychedelic effects.
  • Psilocybe cyanescens: Recognized as “wavy caps,” Psilocybe cyanescens is a potent species of psychedelic mushrooms that typically grow on wood chips or mulch. It has a wavy cap and a thick stem.
  • Psilocybe azurescens: Known as “blue meanies,” Psilocybe azurescens is a highly potent species of psychedelic mushrooms. It has a caramel-brown cap and a thick stem, and it is commonly found in coastal regions.
  • Psilocybe baeocystis: Referred to as “bottle caps,” Psilocybe baeocystis is a psychedelic mushroom species with a distinctively shaped cap resembling an inverted bottle. It is often found in coniferous forests.

Active Compounds in Psychedelic Mushrooms

The primary psychoactive compounds in these mushrooms are psilocybin and psilocin. When ingested, psilocybin is converted into psilocin in the body, which is responsible for the hallucinogenic effects. 

The potency of these compounds can vary greatly among individual mushrooms and different species.

Effects of Psychedelic Mushrooms on the Mind and Body

Before you buy mushroom spores, it’s important to know that the effects of psychedelic mushrooms can be quite varied, depending on the individual’s physical and mental state, the dosage, and the environment in which they are consumed. Some of the most common effects include:

  • Euphoria and a sense of well-being
  • Altered perception of time and space
  • Visual and auditory hallucinations
  • Emotional intensity and introspective experiences
  • Physiological effects such as pupil dilation, increased heart rate, and nausea

Potential Therapeutic Uses of Psychedelic Mushrooms

In recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest in the potential therapeutic uses of psychedelic mushrooms, particularly in the field of mental health. Research studies have explored the potential of psilocybin-assisted therapy for various conditions, including:

  • Depression: Preliminary studies suggest that psilocybin may have antidepressant effects, with some individuals experiencing long-lasting improvements in mood and well-being. Most mushroom enthusiasts use mushroom coffee to help induce relaxation and calmness.
  • Anxiety disorders: Psychedelic-assisted therapy, combined with psychological support, has shown promising results in reducing anxiety symptoms in individuals with conditions such as generalized anxiety disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). [1]
  • Substance use disorders: Psilocybin-assisted therapy has shown potential in helping individuals overcome addiction to substances such as alcohol and tobacco, with some studies reporting significant reductions in substance use and cravings.
  • Existential distress in terminal illness: Psychedelic therapy has been investigated as a means to alleviate existential distress and improve end-of-life care for individuals with terminal illnesses.

Risks and Precautions When Using Psychedelic Mushrooms

While psychedelic mushrooms can provide profound experiences, they also come with risks. These can include:

  • Negative psychological reactions, such as anxiety, paranoia, and panic attacks
  • The potential for dangerous behavior due to impaired judgment and perception
  • Risk of consuming poisonous mushrooms that are mistaken for psychedelic ones
  • The possibility of long-term psychological issues, such as persistent psychosis or flashbacks

Legality of Psychedelic Mushrooms

The legal status of psychedelic mushrooms varies across countries and jurisdictions. In some countries, such as Brazil, Jamaica, and the Netherlands, the use of psychedelic mushrooms is decriminalized or permitted in specific contexts. 

In other countries, including the United States and Canada, the possession and use of psychedelic mushrooms are generally illegal, although there are ongoing discussions and efforts to decriminalize or legalize their use for therapeutic purposes.

It is important to stay informed about the legal status of psychedelic mushrooms in your specific location and to comply with applicable laws and regulations.

How To Consume Psychedelic Mushrooms

Psychedelic mushrooms can be consumed in various ways, depending on personal preference and cultural practices. Some common methods of consumption include:

  • Oral ingestion: This is the most common method of consuming psychedelic mushrooms. The mushrooms can be eaten raw, dried, or cooked into food. The taste of raw or dried mushrooms can be bitter, so some people prefer to mask the flavor by mixing them with other foods or brewing them into tea. They can also be taken as mushroom chocolate bars.
  • Capsule or pill form: Some individuals prefer to consume psychedelic mushrooms in the form of capsules or pills, which can provide a more precise dosage and eliminate the taste associated with raw mushrooms.
  • Microdosing: Microdosing involves taking sub-perceptual doses of psychedelic mushrooms on a regular schedule. This practice aims to enhance creativity, focus, and well-being without inducing a full psychedelic experience.

Final Note: What Are Psychedelic Mushrooms?

Psychedelic mushrooms, with their long history of use and potential therapeutic benefits, continue to captivate the interest of researchers, mental health professionals, and individuals seeking transformative experiences. 

While the effects of psychedelic mushrooms can be profound and potentially beneficial, it is important to approach their use with caution, respect, and proper guidance. 

Understanding the potential risks, legality, and responsible consumption practices can help ensure safe and meaningful experiences with these fascinating fungi. 


  1. Bienemann, B., Barbosa, A. R., Cruz, L. V. M. D., Multedo, M., & Mograbi, D. (2023). Health Benefits and Positive Acute Effects of Psilocybin Consumption: A Quantitative Textual Analysis of User Self-Reported Data. Journal of psychoactive drugs, 1–9. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2023.2226414

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