As well as aging, vitamin deficiencies or food choices, medications, stress and illness as well as hair loss in the family along with the excessive wearing of hats or helmets and dandruff can also be likely causes of hair loss or loss According to Benjamin Moser . The loss of hair and baldness can cause a negative effects on self-confidence and appearance. In many instances hair loss can be an issue that is repaired or reversed. In some instances, permanent damage can be caused to the hair follicles or scalp which makes hair growth impossible. Hair transplant surgery has benefited by modern science that allows hair growth in these instances.
What Is the Process of Hair Transplantation?
Hair transplants are surgical procedure performed in order to repair hair loss to the area of the scalp with little hair or baldness because of genetics.
These are the main kinds of hair transplantation procedures:
FUT or Follicular FUT is among the most effective and well-known hair transplantation techniques. Your hair appears natural, and performs its function in a natural way. Through the use of stereomicroscopes that have high-resolution, the possibility of hair loss that occurs after a transplant procedure in front of the eyes of the naked eye is greatly diminished.
In this type of operation the hair is transferred to the scalp in Follicular unit naturally occur in the scalp. There is a process that involves removing the donor strip will be taken from the donor hair area and is then separated to microscopic pieces. After the follicular units have been removed for implantation in the patient, the process is repeated. Prior to the process is executed, it is required to collect and then put small amounts of the follicular unit onto the scalp area that is balding in a way that’s like the way that natural follicular cells appear.
In FUT, the removal from the donor site could cause a linear scar on the site of the recipient.
FUE (Follicular Hair Extraction)
FUE is a method that is similar to FUT, but it’s more advanced. Hair follicles that are individual are removed from the donor area and then transferred to the area that is balding with this method. It is the least amount of trauma to the donor site and also bleeding to the least extent. FUE offers a natural appearance across every part of your scalp. It is a non-invasive procedure that doesn’t leave any visible marks afterwards. It gives the patient the option of choosing the hairstyle the client prefers to wear.
Reasons for Having a Hair Transplant Surgical Procedure
Candidates with hair loss who have healthy hair on the sides and the back of their scalps ought to consider this treatment.
A man who suffers from male pattern male pattern baldness
Females experiencing hair loss
A client who’s hair has lost because of burns or a burn to the head
Potential candidates are eligible for Hair Transplant Surgery who are healthy and in good health
To be able to allow these areas to be considered donors, the person must be able to grow healthy hair both on the sides and the back of their scalp.
Customers with realistic expectations.
Smokers who do not meet the standards for hair transplant are not considered suitable candidates.
Who Are Not A Good Candidate For Getting A Hair Transplant
A customer with very short hair
A woman who has experienced hair loss that is extensive across her scalp.
People who are at risk of the development of keloid after an injury or surgery.
Loss of hair is the result of chemotherapy or other medications.
Clients who don’t have enough hair donor sites.
Hair quality indicators like color, texture curlyness and waviness are crucial in determining the results of hair transplants.
Solutions and treatments are available.
1- Flap surgery
It involves the transfer of scalp hair tissue to a place that is not hair-free. This method has been used for more than 20 years and has been proven to cover massive areas of hair loss quickly. The size of the flap will be determined by the patients desire for result and the requirements. A single flap can substitute the efforts of more than 350 punch grafts within just one procedure. This procedure is the removal of a small portion of the scalp that is bald from the head of the patient. In order to prevent tearing the flap that covers the scalp that is hair-bearing it is cut off but still attached to one end. It is moved into its new location and is stitched into the new position. The remaining portion is then connected to the original blood supply via the catheter. When the process of healing continues the scar will be hidden by the hair coming back from where the cut was made. To enhance crown coverage The flap procedure is carried out together with reduction of the scalp. It is performed along with the expansion of tissue to provide better frontal coverage.
2. Reduction of scalp
This involves the surgical removal of the bald patches, as well as an advancement of hair-bearing parts of the scalp. This procedure is known as flap surgery advanced on a variety of occasions. It is essential to move forward or advance the hair-bearing areas of the scalp to create the crown that is bald. This is the most popular method used to cover the top and back of the head. However, it’s not very effective at concealing the hairline on the front. This is the procedure of injecting of local anaesthetics into the scalp. It is then and then the removal of the scalp area that is bald. The style of the part that will taken out is determined by patient’s preferred outcome and the desired.
For instance, if an extensive amount of coverage must be covered, then the space to be eliminated is carried out using an inverted Y pattern to save space. Excision can take place in various shapes such as points, ovals U forms, as well as other shapes. Following removal the skin around the cut region is pulled taut and the part of the scalp that is hair-bearing is stitched back. After the procedure you might experience occasional discomfort as well as a strong tugging sensation in the area of treatment that subsides as time passes.
3 – Tissue expansion
It allows the growth of hair-bearing scalp that covers the areas of hair loss on the scalp. The majority of the time, this procedure is done on the scalp to heal burn and injury wounds which have led to significant skin loss , in addition to loss of hair. The expansion of the tissue can produce amazing results in a brief time.
A tissue expander is put under the part of the scalp, which is located next to the area that is balding using this technique The expanding tissue is stretched. It is balloon which has been filled with salted water and then inflated over the course of some weeks. The skin begins to expand which means that new cell lines are created due to this. If the skin underneath the hair-bearing area of the scalp is stretched enough, surgery is performed to extend to cover up the areas that are bald. The procedure can take several weeks to finish.
4 -Hair Transplant
In this process the small piece of the hair-bearing scalp is taken from the site of the donor (typically the back or side on the head) and transferred to the location in which there is hair loss or hair loss. The possibility exists to perform a hair transplant on its own or as part of different methods for replacing hair.
If you want to see substantial enhancements, surgical procedures like tissue expansion flaps, scalp reduction are accepted. Hair transplantation procedures like mini-grafts, punch-grafts strip grafts with slits and micrografts are recommended for people who just require a slight change in their appearance.
Precautions to Take Before Getting a Hair Transplant
A week prior to the procedure, you should avoid drinking alcohol or smoking products.
Avoid getting burned on your scalp Therefore, ensure that you cover your scalp with a scarf or hat prior to leaving.
Stop smoking for at least one week prior to the operation.
It is possible that your physician might suggest that you start taking a dose of 1gram of vitamin C three times per day for 14 days prior to the procedure to speed up recovery.
The day before the hair transplant, wash your hair using regular shampoo. Beware of using any kind of spray, hair gel or lotion on your hair.
A week prior to procedure, you should avoid taking herbal or anti-inflammatory drugs which could increase the chance of bleeding.
When undergoing the procedure for hair transplantation The patient is kept in a clean, sterile room for the procedure. The instruments employed are disinfected as is the person supplied with disposable clothing during the procedure.
Methodology The method used for hair transplantation involves the removal of tiny punch grafts of donor hair from the area, and cut into small pieces to be used as grafts for the recipient region. The grafts are then transferred into the region on the hair that’s thin or is bald and the process is repeated. The grafts made come in the following shapes and sizes:
It was the first kind of graft that was used for hair transplantation and it’s still the most widely used. To create the largest circular graft minimum 20 hairs have to be extracted with various sizes of punches.
There are many different kinds of mini-grafts created from round grafts. The most commonly used one is the mini-graft 1. One hair is included in each mini transplant. up to six hairs are included in every large mini graft.
Micrografts are hair transplant that has between one or two hairs within a single hair graft.
This term has taken over the place of earlier mini grafts and refers to the grafts that have 2 or more follicular units within one graft. MUGs consist of 2-6 follicular units in a one graft.
The grafts are inserted into a small and round hole or slot or put into a big and tiny hole or slot.
Slit the graft
In this process hair that is removed at the site of donation is taken straight from the donor site , or is cut off from a bigger round graft before being inserted into a slit within the scalp made by the scalpel’s tip blade. It has between 4 to 10 hairs per hair graft.
6 – strip 6 – graft
with approximately 30-40 hairs per graft , which are long and thin.
Prior to the procedure the donor site is cut in order to enable access to the transplant and take it out once it has been put in. The procedure is performed using an instrument that resembles a tube comprised of carbon steel that is sharp that can be used to make holes into the skin. This tool punches spherical-shaped tissue grafts that are removed at the site of donation, and places them on the location intended to cover (often the front on the head). Another form of transplant is cutting off the tiny hair-bearing part on the site of donation by knives in other cases. The pieces are then cut into small sections and then transferred into slits or holes in the hair loss or thinned region of the scalp in which they’ll eventually expand.
As the graft is constructed it is then saline solution in the skin in regular intervals to ensure it remains strong. Sutures are used to seal the holes or slits in the donor after they’ve been closed. For punch grafts only one stitch is needed. Others types of grafts will leave an uniform line as well as a tiny scar to their left. The stitches are concealed by the hair surrounding them.
In order to get the best results the procedure is carried out in a series of sessions. It is advised to take a few months between sessions so that your body recover. It could be that the final result will take between one and two years. The grafts will typically be placed one-eighth of an inch apart so that scalp receives sufficient circulation. The subsequent procedures may require the use of additional grafts in order to fill the spaces between plugs.
What Should I Expect As A Result? from Hair Transplant
The complexity and extent of your surgery will affect how you feel after an operation to transplant hair. Following scalp surgery, tension, strain, and throbbing are common. The doctor will prescribe medication to alleviate the discomfort. On the next day, any bandages used will be taken off. The stitches will be removed in 7-10 days. To decrease the chance of getting infections it is recommended to take antibiotics. The hair transplanted could be lost for a couple of weeks after treatment to stimulate new hair growth. It is possible to observe 60 percent of new hair growth within 6 to 9 months. In order to increase hair growth and to slow down shrinkage of hair, your physician prescribes a variety of medications to increase hair growth. In the region of the scalp that is transplanted the scalp hair growth will continue. The quality of new hair is dependent on the suppleness of your scalp, the density of follicles and hair quality as well as hair curling. If the area is not treated hair loss can be observed drugs According to Benjamin Moser.
Following the procedure, you may require touch-ups to give an authentic appearance after the incision. Touch ups are the blend or filling in the hairline using tiny transplants.
Hair Transplant Precautions
The following measures should be taken following a hair transplant has been successfully completed:
Do not drink alcohol for three days following surgery
Don’t smoke for the first week following the surgery
Pillows to sleep with in an elevated head position.
Don’t take the first 48 hours after taking blood thinners.
Don’t wear a cap that could rub against the graft.
Do you prefer a few weeks after the procedure, to wear button-down clothing.
Avoid contact with your sports equipment.
You can sleep with a smile with your eyes closed.
Do not work for within three weeks following surgery.
Wash your hair at the end of day 4 following hair regeneration. After 2 to 3 weeks, return to regular hair washing and maintenance.
Make sure you cover your head with an hat or scarf for the first three weeks prior to when you go out into the sunshine.
If you are not consulted by your physician don’t use any medicine-based shampoo or ointment.