What is status asthmaticus? What is its prognosis?


Asthma is a medical condition in which the airways narrow and swell, making it hard for the individual to breathe. A severe form of asthma is known as status asthmaticus. It is defined as a severe form of asthma that does not respond to beta-agonist therapy. It is a medical emergency, and it demands immediate treatment. Asthma management in Kolkata focuses on administering oral or parenteral steroids as soon as possible.

Symptoms of status asthmaticus:

Status asthmaticus is a severe form of asthma, and it has the same symptoms as that of a typical asthma attack. The symptoms, however, worsen for status asthmaticus, as the attack continues without any break. Asthma Management in Kolkata depends on the symptoms, and the symptoms of status asthmaticus are as follows:

  • Short and shallow breaths
  • Wheezing and coughing
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Heavy sweating and trouble speaking
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Pain in the abdomen, back, and neck muscles
  • Blue-tinted lips and skin
  • Loss of consciousness

Symptoms of status asthmaticus get worse, or fail to improve as the attack keeps progressing. Thus, it is considered a medical emergency.

Causes of status asthmaticus:

Doctors are not sure why some people develop asthmaticus. However, there are certain triggers that might contribute to these attacks. These triggers are,

  • Infections in the respiratory tract
  • severe stress
  • Cold weather
  • Allergic reactions
  • Air pollution
  • Smoking
  • Exposure to chemicals and other irritants.

Another major cause of status asthmaticus is not adhering to the treatment plan proposed by the doctor. Non-compliance to treatment leads to poorly controlled asthma.

Diagnosis and treatment:

Asthma management in Kolkata focuses on its pertinent diagnosis. To diagnose the condition, the doctor will first perform an initial assessment of the breathing of the patient. They will also assess the

  • condition of the airways,
  • based on how many times one breaths per minute,
  • the heartbeat per minute,
  • amount of air breathed during exhalation,
  • amount of oxygen in the blood
  • and the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood.

Asthma Management in Kolkata depends on how well one responds to traditional asthma treatments. This makes it hard for them to treat. The doctors will try the same medicines at higher doses to manage the condition. The treatment of severe asthma attacks includes,

  • Prescribing higher doses of bronchodilators
  • Oral, injected, and inhaled corticosteroids
  • Epinephrine shot
  • Prescribing bronchodilators such as ipratropium bromide
  • Temporary ventilator support


What are the complications of Status Asthmaticus?

Status Asmaticus is a serious medical condition. It can lead to other health issues if proper treatment is not given. Some of its consequences can be very severe, and it can lead to pneumonia and lung collapse, either partially or fully.

Bottom Line:

Status Asthmaticus is a medical emergency. It is an extreme form of asthma exacerbation that can lead to hypoxemia, hypercarbia, and secondary respiratory failure. CK Birla Hospital is an ideal center for asthma management in Kolkata. The expert doctors here handle any emergency situation exceptionally well and ensure that the clients get back to their original health condition as soon as possible.

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